Corns & Calluses

Every time we stand up, walk or run, we’re putting pressure on our feet. Weight is distributed through the heel and on the ball of the foot. The skin is thicker in this area for protection, but what happens when the force becomes too great? Corns and calluses form as a defensive measure. Unfortunately, they can also create an immense amount of pain. Your local podiatrist can treat your corns and calluses, along with providing tips on preventing them in the future.

What Are Corns and Calluses?
Calluses are thickened areas of skin that appear on the soles of the feet. They are often caused by improper footwear, unnatural walking style, or bone deformities. Calluses are more common in elderly individuals, although certain skin types also naturally result in calluses that form on the sides and soles of the feet.

Corns are a type of callus. They result from friction to the bony areas, like the joints. The middle of them contains a central core, which is painful when pressed. There are five different kinds of corn. The most common ones are hard and soft corns:

-Soft corns: these are whitish and supple. They develop between the toes, due to sweat or improper drying after bathing.
-Hard corns: the most common type of corn. These are about the size of a pea and develop within the area of a callus.
-Vascular corns: These have blood vessels and nerves running through them. They are very painful and will bleed if injured.
-Seed corns: This form of corn is very small and usually painless. They can appear by themselves or in a cluster. Often found on the bottom of the foot.
-Fibrous corns: These are a result of long-term corns. They attach to the deeper tissues, making them very uncomfortable.

Treatment at Your Local Podiatry Office
It is advised that you don’t try to remove or cut corns by yourself. This can have serious consequences, especially if you are older or have diabetes. Always consult first with your podiatrist before using over-the-counter products. Certain home remedies can do more harm than good. Corn plasters contain acids that burn away the skin. This puts you at risk for infection. Do not self-treat when you have diabetes, lowered immune system, or poor blood circulation.

At your podiatrist's office, they can remove your corns and provide padding/insoles for relief. For your calluses, your podiatrist will remove the hardened skin and relieve your discomfort. Corrective appliances may also be offered for your shoes.

Tips for Prevention
Invest in properly fitting footwear and use the given appliances like inserts. With your podiatrist’s approval, you can treat corns and calluses at home. Carefully rub the affected areas with a pumice stone or foot file while bathing. Moisturizing cream can soften the skin, and foam wedges between the toes relieve pressure.

Contact your local podiatrist if your foot issues do not resolve themselves or other routine care doesn’t work. They can provide you with safe treatment options for your corns and calluses. If your corns and calluses are causing pain, discomfort, or are disrupting your everyday activities, schedule an appointment today.